Short Dark Tetrad(SD4)
The Short Dark Tetrad (SD4) is a 28-item instrument which captures subclinical versions of narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism.
Please Note: After completing the purchase, you will receive an e-mail with a single use link to attempt the test. Once you attempt the test and submit, the detailed report will be shared on your e-mail within half an hour.
Based on the emerging consensus that the constellation of dark personalities should include the sadistic personality, the SD4 was built by modifying and extending the Short Dark Triad (SD3) measure to include sadism.